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Ford Mustang



History: First Generation

1964 1/2 - 1973






Introduction: The date was April 17, 1964. Intermediate sized muscle cars, with big block engines were gradually replacing the fullsized muscle car. Lee Iacocca, Ford's General Manager, had always invisioned a small sports car to be the next hot item in the street wars. Ford decided that instead of improving their lackluster intermediate, they would do the competition one better and introduce a whole new breed of automobile, the pony car. Originally designed as a two seater in the European tradition, Iacocca realized that true success depended on volume sales. Therefore the Ford Mustang was introduced as a 1965 model that was based on the compact Falcon to lower production costs. It came with an obligatory back seat and a multitude of options that would give the buyer an opportunity to customize their purchase, and generate extra profits for Ford. Plymouth faithful stress that their Baracuda beat the Ford Mustang to market by two weeks. But it was the Mustang, which racked up over 22,000 sales its first day and one million sales in its first two years, that turned the market and people's attention to the pony car. The pony car class that the Ford Mustang helped create is the only class of muscle car that still exists today.


1965 Ford Mustang






Comments: The Ford Mustang debuted as a simple sports car powered by a 170 cid six cylinder and a pair of V8's. Originally named for the fighter plane, the P-51 Mustang, preliminary allusions were made to the horse, and the horse motiff quickly became the emblem for the Mustang. Buyers loved its low price, long hood, short trunk styling, and its myriad of options. Ford loved its high volume sales and visibility. In mid 1964, Ford introduced a sporty 2+2 fastback body style to go along with the hardtop coupe and convertible. Enthusiasts also cheered the new "K-code" 271bhp 289 cid V8 that finally put some performance to match the Mustang's good looks. For those that wanted more, the legendary Carroll Shelby and Ford collaborated to produce the Shelby GT-350, a Ford Mustang fastback specially tuned by Shelby. The 289 V8 produced 306bhp in street tune and around 360bhp in special GT-350R race tune. These Shelby's had no back seat, were only available in white and were fully race ready.

Production:
2D Hardtop: 501,965
Fastback: 77,079
Convertible: 101,945

Engines:
170 I6 101 bhp.
200 I6 120 bhp.
260 V8 164 bhp.
289 V8 225 bhp.
289 V8 271 bhp.
(GT-350) 289 V8 306 bhp.
(GT-350R) 289 V8 360 bhp.

Performance:
N/A

1966 Ford Mustang






Comments: 1966 saw further refinement of the Mustang. The gauge cluster was redone to seperate the Mustang from its Falcon roots while the 260 cid V8 was replaced with 2 and 4 barrel versions of the 289 cid V8. The Shelby GT-350 was still available, though its race image was being dilluted by the addition of an automatic transmission, a choice of four colors, and special examples that were prepared for Hertz Rent A Car (known as Shelby GT-350H) for rental to weekend drag racers. Available on the GT-350 through 1968 was a Paxton supercharger which would boost horsepower by as much as 40%.

Production:
2D Hardtop: 499,751
Fastback: 35,698
Convertible: 72,119

Engines:
200 I6 120 bhp.
289 V8 200 bhp.
289 V8 225 bhp.
289 V8 271 bhp.
(GT-350) 289 V8 306 bhp.
(GT-350R) 289 V8 360 bhp.

Performance:
N/A

1967 Ford Mustang






Comments: 1967 saw a massive restyle of the Ford Mustang. Changes included bulkier sheetmetal below the beltline, a more aggressive grille, a concave tail panel, and a full fastback roofline for the fastback body style. The engine compartment was also increased and Ford dropped in its big block 390 to compete against the new Chevrolet Camaro SS396. Although the 390 was slightly detuned for the Mustang, its popularity sealed the end of the high performance 289 cid engine, which was later dropped from the lineup. Of greater interest to enthusiasts was the availablitity of another Shelby-tuned Mustang. The GT350 was still powered by a modified 289 V8, though output dropped to 290bhp. The new GT500 was powered by a reworked 428 V8 (some were reportedly built with the even more powerful, race ready 427 V8). The 1967 Shelby's were more civilized and sported numerous luxury options, which seemed to appeal to buyers. These would be the last Shelby Mustangs actually built by Shelby-American. All future models would be built by Ford with little Shelby involvement.

Production:
2D Hardtop: 356,271
Fastback: 71,042
Convertible: 44,808

Engines:
200 I6 115 bhp.
200 I6 120 bhp.
289 V8 195 bhp.
289 V8 271 bhp.
(Shelby GT350) 289 V8 290 bhp.
390 V8 320 bhp.
(Shelby GT500) 428 V8 355bhp@5400rpm, 420lb-ft@3200rpm.

Performance:
(Shelby GT500) 428/355: 0-60 in 6.2 sec, 1/4 mile in 14.6 sec @ 99mph.


1968 Ford Mustang






Comments: The 1968 Ford Mustang received a simpler grille and side trim and a limited number of 427 engines were slipped into the engine bays. These 427 engines were slightly detuned but still cranked out 390bhp, enough to strike fear on the streets. Then on April 1, 1968, Ford unveiled perhaps its most famous line of engines, the 428 Cobra Jet. It was based on the regular 428 but included larger valve heads, the race 427's intake manifold, and an oil-pan windage tray. It had ram-air induction and breathed through a functional hood scoop. Output was listed at 335bhp but was rumoured to be around 410bhp. The Shelby's were still available, joined by an available convertible model and renamed the Shelby Cobra. The GT-350 dropped its 289 cid 306 bhp engine and gained a 302 cid 250 bhp engine. Midway through the year, the GT-500 was dropped and was replaced by the GT-500KR ("King of the Road"). The GT-500KR sported the new Ram Air 428 Cobra Jet, still underrated at 335 bhp.

Production:
2D Hardtop: 249,447
Fastback: 42,581
Convertible: 25,376

Engines:
200 I6 115 bhp.
200 I6 120 bhp.
289 V8 195 bhp.
289 V8 271 bhp.
302 V8 230 bhp.
(Shelby Cobra GT-350) 302 V8 250 bhp.
390 V8 320 bhp.
390 V8 325 bhp.
427 V8 390 bhp.
(Cobra Jet) 428 V8 335 bhp @ 5400 rpm (est. 410bhp), 440 lb-ft @ 3400rpm.
(Shelby Cobra GT-500) 428 V8 350 bhp.

Performance:
(Cobra Jet) 428/335: 0-60 in 5.4 sec, 1/4 mile in 14.01@101mph.


1969 Ford Mustang






Comments: The Mustang was restyled for 1969, gaining 3.8 inches of length, all ahead of the front wheels, and about 140 lbs in curb weight. The Mach 1 body style debuted in 1969 and came standard with a 351 cid V8 but could also be had with the 428 Cobra Jet, which now came in three states of tune. The first was a non-Ram Air version, followed by the Ram-Air version which breathed through a shaker hood scoop. Topping the list was the new Super Cobra Jet which came with the Drag Pack option. The Super Cobra Jet used the shaker hood scoop, a modified crankshaft and stronger connecting rods. The Drag Pack also came with limited-slip 3.91:1 or 4.30:1 rear axles and no air conditioning. All three engines were underrated at 335bhp. All this power overwhelmed the rear tires, which suffered from a 59/41% f/r bias which also hurt handling. But then, these Mustangs weren't built for curves, just straight 1/4 mile lines.

The circle tracks were reserved for the Boss series of Mustangs. Named after stylist Larry Shinoda's nickname for Ford president Semon "Bunkie" Knudson, the Boss Mustangs were built to qualify the 429 V8 for NASCAR. The Boss 429 package came with a race ready 429 cid V8 with ram air induction, an aluminum high riser and header type exhaust manifolds. Mandatory options included a four speed manual and a 3.91:1 Traction-Lok axle. Also included were an oil cooler, trunk mounted battery, race suspension, and the best interior Mustang had to offer. Although impressive on paper, the Boss 429s failed on the street where their dependence on high revs hurt their street starts and the initial batch had incorrect valve springs that would stop winding at 4500rpm instead of 6000rpm. Nevertheless, it had good handling and would last through 1970. To combat Chevrolet's Camaro Z/28 in Trans Am racing, Ford built the Boss 302 which used a 302 cid V8 treated to the cylinder heads from the racing 351 cid engine and Ford's largest carb. It was underrated at the same 290bhp as the Camaro Z/28's engine and was available with the shaker hood scoop. Shelby Mustangs were still available, though they were more luxury oriented then ever before.

Production:
Mach 1: 72,458
Convertible: 14,746
Grande Hardtop Coupe: 22,182
Boss 302: 1,934
Boss 429: 858

Engines:
200 I6 115 bhp.
250 I6 155 bhp.
302 V8 220 bhp.
(Boss 302) 302 V8 290 bhp @ 5800 rpm, 290 lb-ft @ 4300 rpm.
351 V8 250 bhp.
(All Cobra Jets) 428 V8 335 bhp @ 5200 rpm, 440 lb-ft @ 3400 rpm.
(Boss 429) 429 V8 375 bhp @ 5200 rpm, 450 lb-ft @ 3400 rpm.

Performance:
(Super Cobra Jet) 428/335: 0-60 in 5.7 sec, 1/4 mile in 13.9 sec @ 103mph.
(Boss 429) 429/375: 0-60 in 6.8 sec, 1/4 mile in 14.0 sec @ 103mph.


1970 Ford Mustang






Comments: Both the Boss 302 and 429 continued into 1970. The 428 Cobra Jet continued as the top engine choice for the Mach 1 Mustang. New for 1970 was the 429 Cobra Jet, standard in the Boss 429. The 429 Cobra Jet was rated at 370 bhp while the Super Cobra Jet was rated for 375 bhp. This would be the last year for the Shelby Cobras, which were in fact left over 1969 models with some minor trim changes. A not so great end for a once great performer.

Production:
Mach 1: 40,970
Convertible: 7,643
Grande Hardtop Coupe: 13,581
Boss 302: 6,318
Boss 429: 498

Engines:
200 I6 115 bhp.
250 I6 155 bhp.
302 V8 220 bhp.
(Boss 302) 302 V8 290 bhp @ 5800 rpm, 290 lb-ft @ 4300 rpm.
351 V8 250 bhp.
351 V8 300 bhp.
(Cobra Jet) 428 V8 335 bhp @ 5200 rpm, 440 lb-ft @ 3400 rpm.
(Cobra Jet) 429 V8 370 bhp.
(Boss 429 - Super Cobra Jet) 429 V8 375 bhp @ 5200 rpm, 450 lb-ft @ 3400 rpm.

Performance:
(Boss 302) 302/290: 0-60 in 6.5 sec, 1/4 mile in 14.8 sec @ 96 mph.


1971 Ford Mustang






Comments: Ford's decade of "Total Performance" was drawing to a close. The Mustang grew by 2.1" of length, 2.8" of width, 1" of wheelbase, and about 100 lbs. Coupled with this weight gain was the disappearance of the Shelby models and the Boss 302 and Boss 429 models, and the weakening of the remaining engine choices. The 351 engine was detuned from 300 bhp to 285bhp while the 429 Cobra Jet dropped 5bhp to 370bhp. The performance banner was carried by the Mach 1 Mustang and the new Boss 351 model. The standard engine for the Mach 1 was the 351 Cleveland V8 with 285bhp but a 330bhp version was also available. The 429 Cobra Jet sported 370bhp while the top power choice was was the 429 Super Cobra Jet Ram Air. It had 11.3:1 compression, and generated 375bhp but its 1/4 mile times were slower than the Boss 351. The Boss 351 enjoyed a lower weight and a race bred 351 engine that had a radical solid-lifter cam, 11.0:1 compression, ram-air induction and came with a Hurst four-speed transmission and 3.91:1 Traction-Lok differential. This would be its only season as Ford performance would continue to decrease.

Production:
Mach 1: 36,499
Convertible: 6,121
Boss 351: Estimated 1,800

Engines:
250 I6 145 bhp.
302 V8 210 bhp.
351 V8 240 bhp.
351 V8 285 bhp.
(Boss 351) 351 V8 330 bhp @ 5400 rpm, 370 lb-ft @ 4000 rpm.
(Cobra Jet) 429 V8 370 bhp.
(Super Cobra Jet) 429 V8 375 bhp, 450 lb-ft.

Performance:
(Boss 351) 351/330: 0-60 in 5.8 sec, 1/4 mile in 13.9 sec @ 102 mph.


1972 Ford Mustang






Comments: Following industry lead, all power ratings for 1972 and later were listed in net ratings which included all accessories. This lead to some drastic drops in power listings which, coupled with the drop of all big block options, sealed the end of Ford Mustang performance. The Boss 351 was dropped leaving only the Mach 1 with any claim to performance. The top engine option was just a 275bhp 351 Cleveland.

Production:
Mach 1: 27,675
Convertible: 6,401

Engines:
250 I6 99 bhp.
302 V8 141 bhp.
351 V8 177 bhp.
351 V8 266 bhp.
351 V8 275 bhp.

Performance:
N/A


1973 Ford Mustang






Comments: All engine choices' power ratings dropped again as emission controls tightened. New federal guidelines resulted in mandatory bumpers that could withstand a 5mph collision, all of which didn't help the bloated styling. The top engine option was a weak 351 V8 producing just 156bhp and the performance oriented Ford Mustang would fade away as the restyled Mustang II would debut in 1974 with no claim to any performance.

Production:
Mach 1: 35,440
Convertible: 11,853

Engines:
250 I6 95 bhp.
302 V8 136 bhp.
351 V8 154 bhp.
351 V8 156 bhp.

Performance:
N/A








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